Is there a preference for Latin-Americans in the Spanish labour market? An analysis on labour integration by origin
Elena Vidal-Coso, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
Daniela Vono, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
In the recent and intense growth of immigration into Spain, the Latin-American population has played an essential role. In 2008, they represented one of each three foreigners residing in a country. In fact, Latin-Americans are the main drivers of this growth, to the extent that some writers have referred to their participation as a “Latin-Americanization” of the foreign immigration flows, or even as a preference compared to other origins. Considering this context, the objective of this paper is to explore the main characteristics of the Latin-American workers in comparison to the rest of immigrant and native workers for the period between 1999 and 2009. Using data from the Spanish Labour Force Survey for the 1999-2009 (second quarters) period, we will focus the analysis on overqualified employees and on the industrial and occupational segregation within the segmented Spanish labour market. Specifically, our objectives are: 1) to analyze the evolution of employed and of unemployed immigrants by sex and country of birth; 2) to analyze immigrants’ levels of labour segregation in order to identify concentration differences at the sectors of activity and occupations; 3) to analyze the evolution of the labour insertion of overqualified immigrants at different the occupations’ groups; 4) to analyze the factors that influence the percentage of over-qualified workers according to sex and region of birth. We expect to identify lower indexes of labour segregation and a lower impact of the economic crisis on the occupational options of Latin-Americans in comparison to non-European population. We also expect a significant impact of the higher presence of women among Latin-American immigrants, which is particularly decisive within this collective in order to explain the existing differentials of labour integration by sex, more than in the rest of collectives.
Presented in Poster Session 2